Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI
The Vatican City: Popes have generally resided within the Vatican City since the return from Avignon France in 1377. Teige O'Carroll of Ely after attending the Court of King Richard II of England at Westminster Hall in 1391 then attended the Papal Court in 1392. In 1395 Teige O'Carroll defeated the forces of King Richard II which had invaded Ely under the command of the King's cousin Roger Mortimer Earl of March. The Kingdom of Ely and the O'Carrolls had withstood the most powerful army in the world and repelled them out of their territory thus retaining the integrity of the ancient principality of Elie in the centre of Ireland untill 1690.